The politics in India is different from the politics in other government in the world. It is a federal parliamentary government. Federal system is wherein there is division of government powers but the national government still holds more power than the local government. A parliamentary government is where the legislative and executive are in one department, held by the ministers and led by the Prime Minister that was chosen by through a vote by the ministers. In this kind of government, there is still a president that is considered as a symbol of the State but the Prime Minister is the head of the state. In this kind of government, the Prime Minister does not have a specific term and may be voted out by the ministers. Their government is based on the dual polity system or the double government. This means there is central authority and its states surrounding the same.
The politics in India started late because India was in colonization by the Britain. When British forces chose to let go of India – that is when the democracy started within India. The constitution of India was enforced in 1950. It is the longest written constitution, but has been amended many times.
Basically, the government of India is composed of the lower house and upper house, with the federal system like the United States. The Upper house is called the Rajya Sabha that represents the states of the Indian Federation and the lower house, Lok Sabha, which represents the people of India as a whole. The lower house, as patterned from the British House of Commons.
At present, the President of India is Ram Nath Kovind. He is a Dalit, India’s lowest Castes that was picked by an electoral college to become president last July 2017 elections. He has gained the hearts of the people because he is a Supreme Court lawyer and was a governor of the Northern state of Bihar. Despite the fact that the election of the president is merely symbolic, his role is still essential to the politics of India.
On the other hand, the Prime Minister is the Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi. He is known for his strong combat against corruption in the government and its weak growth. Just as the trend of the governments right now who clamor of stronger and stern leadership in the highest position of government. He won through a landslide victory last May 2014 parliamentary elections. At his time, the government is single handedly won by a majority of one party only. PM Modi wanted to create a stronger economy in India. Apparently, there are issues that surround the election of PM Modi. He has sided with religious sentiment at times. The most controversial is the appointment of a Hindu prelate as chief of minister of Uttar Pradesh. Nonetheless, he has indeed kept his promise to keep the economy of India stronger. From 6.4% in 2013, the economy grew to 7.9% in 2015. India became the fastest growing economy in the world because of PM Modi.
PM Modi won the parliamentary elections because of his promised reformation. But with his leadership, he has showed to be a great administrator rather than a reformer. There were no extreme changes in India, instead, he has lead the government in smooth running compared to the former leaders. But there is a big chance for the government to arise better because of PM Modi. According to political analysts, PM Modi is playing it right and waiting for get the hearts of the majority in the upper house for him to impose bigger reforms.
PM Modi does not show any hint of his plans for India. He is very careful of his actions. Whatever his plans are, India has still nonetheless has achieved better when Modi won the parliamentary elections.