The poem Indian Weavers was written by Sarojini Naidu. The poem talks about weavers making three types of garments. In the morning, they make a garment of children that are blue, during the day, they make marriage veils of the queen, and at night, they stay calm making white clothes. This is an indication of the different stage of human life: childhood, being a youth and death. Sarojini uses different poetic devices such as symbolism and imagery to bring out the central idea that human beings pass through different phases of life that are characterized by sorrows and joy.
The widely used poetic device is symbolism. The first stanza talks about weavers making blue garments and when the poetess asks them the reason as to why they are making such beautiful clothes, they claim that they are made to be worn by a newborn. Therefore, these garments are a symbol of someone’s childhood. In life, children have nothing much to worry about, and therefore, the largest part of their life is characterized by joy. Their days on earth are as bright as the blue color. As well, their garments are being made at the break of the day. This is another symbolism of a bright life because, during the break of the day, the sun shines brightly to take away the sadness of the darkness. It like a stage in someone’s life whereby, happiness is all that surrounds their life.
As well, the second stanza is full of symbolism which is portrayed by the weavers weaving garments that are bright and of the purple and green color. When asked as to why they make such garments, they argue out that they are marriage veils of a queen. This is a depiction of the youth life of an individual. It is the stage in life whereby most people get married and begin a family. Two different colors represent the stage. The poetess chose to mix this colors to indicate the fact that a person’s youth is characterized by both sorrows and joy. Purple color shows royalty, and therefore, it could be the indication of a happy life. This is the excitement that is brought about by love and the idea of beginning a family. On the other hand, green is not such a bright color as compared to purple and, therefore, it is an indication of the other side of a youth’s life. The goals that a young person achieves does not come easily, and they have to work hard to achieve them. During the process of achieving such goals and making ends meet in life, there comes sorrow which is made to keep them strong and make them push ahead in life. Hence, this symbolism depicts the second [phase of a humans life whereby their mind is wide open to the challenges of the world.
In addition to symbolism is the garments that the weavers make at night when it is calm. They weave garments that are white as the feathers and clouds and claim that they are garments worn by a dead man during their funeral. This is the final stage of life which is death. The calmness of the weavers is a representation of the mood that people have during funerals because they feel sad to have lost one of them. The white color shows purity and peace. In real life, a dead man does not feel the pain of the world, and people assume that the person is resting in peace.
As well, Sarojini has incorporated the use of imagery in the poem to emphasize on the fact that life is made of different stages characterized by sorrow and joy. An example is an emphasis that she puts on the colors of the garments. Such colors enable the reader to understand more about the meaning of the garments that the weavers were making. Blue is a bright color and, therefore, it emphasizes on the joys of life and a stage whereby one does not face sorrow. As well, a combination of purple and green is a representation of different experiences of both joy and sorrow that are experienced by youth since they have known the meaning of life. Besides, the white color shows the peace that a person is assumed to have attained once they die. They no longer face challenges of the world.
Concisely, Sarojini successfully brought the meaning of life through the use of symbolism and imagery. Human beings were created to face different stages in life from childhood to being a youth and then death. These stages portray different aspects of life in an individual and, every person should be prepared to overcome whatever challenges that come their way. Being a youth in life is one of the most challenging phases because one has dreams that need to achieve to be successful in life. Hence, this poem is an allegory to the happenings of the real life of a person.