Increasing Crime in India
India is officially referred as Republic of India. It is country south of Asia and the second most populated country after China with over 1.2 billion people. The country is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the south and Arabian Sea to the southwest and borders the Pakistan to the west. A report published by the National Crime record showed that over the last 53 years, the crime rate in India has continuously increased over the time. Crimes such as murder and kidnappings have been in the rise. The study showed that murder had increased by 7.39 percent. Thus, for the recent years, crime in India has become very common and transpires in different ways
Illegal Drug Trade
Since India is located between two countries: Pakistan and Iran, it becomes more vulnerable on the borders. These two countries are the biggest makers of opium in Asia. The opium drug sold to smokers or can be made into heroine. Because of its location India receives a lot of heroin from these two countries. For the reason, a larger proportion of a young Indian population are involved in criminal activities and illegal business such as drug trafficking within India to other countries. Most heroin is trafficked from India to Europe through the ocean. The government of India has tried all the best ways to fight the trade but it has not succeeded.
Basing on the reports published by Oxfam, India his believed to 40 million illegal firearms in possession. On the same report, the world has approximately 75 million small arms, which implies that India has half of the entire small firearms in the world. These firearms are manufactured from illegal arms factories in Bihar and traded in the black market at affordable prices. For instance, firearms such as the Chinese pistols are in high demand in India because they are easy to operate and have fire price. The availability of firearms has escalated the rate of crime especially In the Bihar state, which is highly affected by militia groups who are in constant attack with the army of India.
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Poaching and Wildlife Trafficking
It is illegal to kill some animals and there are laws that guard against the poaching of animals. For the recent years illegal wildlife trade has been increase in India. A report by the Environmental investigation agency in the year 2004 said that more illegal traders of wildlife skins are in India than any other country. In between the year 1994 and 2003 the government discovered that there were approximately 780 case of illegal poaching of endangered animals such as tigers, leopard and elephant. In the southern parts of India, there is a serious problem of elephant poaching, which has led to hundreds killings of the elephants.
In India cybercrime is a very common crime. Cybercrime refers to crimes that uses the technology to execute crimes. Such crimes include stalking, computer hacking, credit card hacking, cyberbullying, identity theft, as well as internet scams and frauds. In the year 2001 India and U.S. joined together to counter the cyber crime.
Apart from those few mentioned there are very many types of crime in India. As much as government has put several measures to stop all these crime, there are loopholes which have allowed these crimes to flourish. For India to fight and control high rate of crime, it has to strengthen its security measures with the aid of the judicial system.