Energy is considered as the capacity of a physical system to perform or complete work whether through a mental or physical state. On the other hand, energy can also include the physical movements such as the shifting of something from a given place to the other, the warming or heating of something. Given this, it is vital to consider that energy exists in several forms that include mechanical or kinetic energy, heat, light, electrical and potential energy. Energy is therefore utilized in several different forms in meeting our daily routines. Energy is used in the lighting of homes, streets, the cooking of food, powering of machines, operating electronic systems, and playing of music among many more regular uses.
Companies and individuals are considered as the direct consumers of energy, thus detailing the need to conserve energy in order to reduce energy expenses, thus enhancing and promoting the economic security of a nation. Energy conservation in this case denotes the approaches initiated with the aim of minimizing the quantity of energy utilized. This may therefore be attained through the utilization of efficient energies that ensures energy consumption levels are decreased while attaining the same results and outcomes. In other words, the conservation of energy results in the betterment of the environment; the increase in financial capital, the enhancement of national security, and the enhancement of human and security comfort.
Energy conservation therefore plays a vital role in lessening instances of climate changes. Through this, a nation is in a position to replace its energy sources from non-renewable energies to renewable energy sources. Energy conservation is a vital element in the planning and management of energy sources. This approach not only necessitates the need to save energy for future use but derives efficient approaches of avoiding wasteful use of energy through the provision of effective solutions towards the energy crisis. New and effective approaches have placed emphasis on greater reliance on the use of non-exhaustible and non-conventional sources that save energy, an approach that enhances the conservation of exhaustible conventional energy resources such as petroleum, coal, and natural gases. This clearly establishes the rationale behind efforts that are being made with the aim of promoting the development of use of the new non-conventional sources of energy.
In this regard, it is significant to consider that energy conservation approaches can be achieved through the change in individual habits through the utilization of new technologies, the reduction of subsidies and the increase of energy prices. For instance, the consumption of a lot of electricity may be saved through the use of energy efficient lamps. On the other hand, conventional boilers may be replaced by gas turbines and gasifies that are added to a combination of cyclic operations with the aim of producing close to 20 percent of power as compared to the use of the same amounts of coal.
Another vital element that needs to be considered in bring down and cutting the wastage of energy remains in the manner in which electrical energy is lost during the process of transmission and distribution. In most developing economies, close to 23 percent of electrical energy is lost during the transmission and distribution process. In this case, there is a need to ensure that penalties are leverages and legal actions incorporated in addressing the element of power pilferage. On the other hand, the need to privatize the use of energy is another approach considered as effective in obtaining the desired outcomes, an aspect that improves the generation, transmission, and distribution of power in all sectors since energy remains key to the development of every economy. Given this, it is significant to ensure effective approaches are put in place with the sole objective of improving the energy sector. This may include the incorporation of new technologies, the attraction of more investments, and the development of non- conventional sources that inculcate efficient methods and habits towards the saving and conservation of energy.