Impact Of Islam In Subcontinent
The Hindu-Muslim contact highly influenced the Hindu sub continent’s cultural heritage. According to history, the first Muslims that invaded the subcontinent was in search of slaves and honey in the 7th century. The Muslims spread their Islamic religion and converted people in the subcontinent. The impact of the Islam in the subcontinent cannot be estimated since it impacted all walks of life either positively or negatively and changed the subcontinent forever. The Islam changed the Hindu ways of living, flourished trade, led to the synthesis of new languages and as well introduced child marriage, the Purdah system, slavery among other social vices that led to misery and suffering. This paper is meant to discuss the impact of Islam in the subcontinent and how it shaped lives in the region.
The Islam contact with the Hindu had many impacts in the society. To begin with, the Islam evolved architecture in the subcontinent. Through assimilation and synthesis of the Islamic and Hindu culture, new architectural styles and designs evolved. The ornamental designs, craftsmanship and general design were Hindu impositions while the smooth walls, spacious rooms, arcaded forms among other designs were largely Islamic. Luckily, new art and crafts got introduced in the subcontinent; metals, jewels, and paper making were practiced while many workshops were set up for building for silver and gold objects.
Interestingly, most music and musical instruments in the subcontinent were largely influenced by the Islamic. New instruments were introduced while the Muslims modified others. Some vocal music changed because of contact with the Muslims. The Islamic religion largely spread in the region. As a result, Buddhism died while Jainism nearly died. The Islamic cruel and monocratic way of converting people led to the destruction of Hindu temples and a rise to concentrated Muslim communities. The Islam also influenced language and literature in the region. The contact between the Muslims and the Hindu led to the synthesis of languages. The Muslim contact influenced the Hindu language while other languages like the Urdu language was a mixture of the languages of the groups that were in contact. The upper classes in the Hindu society were influenced by the Muslim’s ways of dressing which coped with the weather, hospitality, and recreation. The upper class also adopted Muslim foods like Kabab and Biryani.
The Islam also had numerous negative impacts in the subcontinent. The Purdah system was introduced in the region. Women’s position in the society were affected. It resulted in the seclusion of women in the society and the birth of girls were never celebrated. The Sati system was also introduced in the society, and as a result, women had the mandate to practice fidelity in their marital life. Child marriage also began to be exercised; young female girls were betrothed to men by their families to avoid being punished by the Muslims who forced child marriage. Having women entirely dependent on their male counterparts and relatives became a standard feature.
Since slavery was a common practice in the Islamic tradition, it was introduced in the subcontinent. The social evil crime was carried out mainly by Hindu chiefs, and the slaves were sold to people who were seen noble to keep slaves. The slaves were then used as workers and treated inhumanely by their masters, who owned them.
In conclusion, the Islam impacted a lot in the Hindu subcontinent. Not only did it introduce good and admirable things that improved the living standards of people but also it did introduce vices and some cultural activities that led to suffering and misery especially to the lower classes and females in the society.