Writing an argumentative essay may seem a challenging job. What is special and difficult about it? The purpose of this type of essay is to convince a reader rather than to inform. It is designed to present a disputable theme.
The author is supposed to mention all pros and cons and take a final stand being ready to explain his position.
Before starting working on your argumentative essay make sure you are well-acquainted with its features and structure. Five-paragraph structure
It is the most common form of an argumentative essay. It means an essay consists of an introduction, three main body paragraphs , and a conclusion. Introduction helps the reader to get basic understanding of the argumentative essay topic, the three main body paragraphs open the debate and characterize the problem, and the conclusion repeats the information though a use of paraphrasing. These paragraphs should compose a framework of an essay although the author can make it longer adding more additional paragraphs and sub-paragraphs. Let’s review each of the components, paying attention to its peculiarities and specifics applicable to an argumentative essay.
The opening paragraph identifies the argumentative thesis statement. It includes some background information to demonstrate the actuality of the problem and the general idea of the argumentative essay. The thesis should include the following:
– narrow enough to be fully discussed in the essay;
– disputable, not an obvious and simple statement;
– provoking an interest;
Depending on the required length of the essay, the introduction can be a single paragraph or a whole page and even more.Useful hints: The introduction is the best opportunity to make your readers interested and willing to read the essay. It should be catchy and easy to understand, convincing the reader that your essay is worth reading it.
Main Essay Body
It usually consists of three paragraphs. The essay body paragraphs should express particular idea, staying logically connected with each other. There are two options for presenting the essay body paragraphs:
- Presenting both views of the problem and announcing your opinion afterwards.
This way is more useful if your readers are not well-acquainted with the problem.
- Stating your point of view at the beginning.
This way is more useful if the topic of your essay is well-known to your readers.
Both supporting and opposing arguments should be supplied with evidence such as facts, the author’s observations and investigations, experts’ articles, statistic etc. The position of the author should be clear and well-reasoned.
There are two types of arguments used in an argumentative essay:
- Inductive reasoning argument implies the use of specific examples to demonstrate a wide conclusion.
- Deductive reasoning argument includes the use of general ideas to make conclusions about specific cases).
Useful hints: The pros and cons should be stated objectively no matter what the author’s attitude is. There should be no emotions, just facts. Collecting and analyzing all possible information about the topic of your argumentative essay is the key to realistic trustworthy summary of all arguments.
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Gradual transition that logically moves from one reason to another is the key point to writing a convincing argument. Summing up each of the paragraphs and putting it in the context of the general idea makes the essay consistent and easy to understand. Using smooth transition helps your readers to follow your thoughts easily.
The main thesis statement of the essay is stated again, using different words and phrases. The closing paragraph should convince the readers that the author’s stand is true and rightful. At the same time, it should motivate them for further reflection and interest to the question.
Useful hints: the conclusion should conclude a final remark. It should be impressive and persuasive, making the people with the opposite viewpoint feel comfortable with it.